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The Aryan Village in India and Ceylon
ISBN 8120611411 / 9788120611412 / 81-206-1141-1
Publisher Asian Educational Services
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1880 edition. Excerpt: ...observer would be aware that anything extraordinary was taking place. It is the occurrence of pauperism in the ryots, when a certain price of food-stuffs is reached, which throws the ordinary machinery out of gear; and it seems to be obvious that this would be remedied, if by any external means the purchasing power were maintained to them. It is not the purpose of these pages to discuss a question of political economy. But it may here be added that in times of scarcity the action of Government does not always appear to have been directed immediately to this object. The institution of relief works on a large scale, where great numbers of people, drawn from their homes, are massed together within limited areas, and the transportation of grain in considerable quantities from the outside to certain local centres, for the support of those engaged on these works and for distribution so far as practicable by the hands of local committees in the pauperized districts, are the principal measures adopted by Government in emergencies of this sort. Whatever may be the amount of the relief which can in this way be afforded (and no doubt it is often considerable), inasmuch as it is independent of the natural channels of supply which have just been described, it might appear at first sight to be an unqualified gain to the distressed people. But, unfortunately, it is not so. Apart from the disturbance of social and economical relations, which is effected by large labour undertakings of temporary duration, the preparations which Government has to make for unusual work themselves very greatly hinder ordinary traffic in rural lines of route; boats and carts, &c., have to be collected--even impressed--in all directions, and become locked up, so to speak, for... [via]