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Developing Windows NT Device Drivers:
Developing Windows NT Device Drivers is an authoritative and clearly written resource on how to write device drivers for Windows NT. The book begins with an excellent high-level overview of how Windows NT device drivers work and how to create them. The text concentrates on "generic" device drivers written in C and excludes specialized drivers for graphics, file system, and network hardware.
Eventually, the book turns to device registers, device memory, and different PC busses (such as PCI). A section on I/O Request Packets (IRPs) and interrupt handling within Windows NT shows how to do asynchronous I/O. The authors offer a simple "Hello World" example for a device driver and present various debugging techniques.
Subsequent chapters deepen the reader's knowledge on topics such as device I/O, synchronization (including spin locks), device-driver initialization and cleanup, and direct memory access (DMA). These chapters also instruct you on how to access hardware ports and interrupt processing (a crucial topic) and how to move device memory into system memory (along with a working example). Discussion of more specialized topics--ISA and PCI busses, serialization, driver threads, and the advantages of the new "layered" driver model--follows.
Authors Edward Dekker and Joseph M. Newcomer offer plenty of excellent real-world advice. (Material on how to log device-driver events and manage the infamous Windows "Blue Screen of Death" is indispensable.) They present a "hardware simulator" that lets readers develop device drivers without an actual hardware device. The book closes with information on Windows 2000, universal serial bus (USB) devices, the Win32 driver model, and over 300 pages of reference material, including device-driver kernel functions. Overall, this comprehensive text provides a solid introduction to the way Windows NT device drivers interact with hardware; it gives you all you need to start building custom device drivers. --Richard Dragan [via]