9780140138351 / 0140138358

A History of India: Volume 1 (Penguin History)


Publisher:Penguin Books



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A full account of Indian history from the establishment of Aryan culture to the coming of the Mughals in 1526 A.D. Table of Contents

1. The Antecedents

The discovery of India; changing approaches to Indian history; the archaeological background

2. The Impact of Aryan Culture

Sources of evidence; The political organizations of the Aryan tribes; caste and other social institutions; Vedic region

3. Republics and Kingdoms c. 600-321 B.C.

Evolving political patterns; the rise of the kingdom of Magadha; the rule of the Nandas; North-western India and contacts with Persia; the growth of towns; the rise of heterodox sects; Jainism and Buddhism

4. The Emergence of Empire 321-185 B.C.

The Mauryan kings; Mauryan contacts with neighbouring states; society and economic activity; Mauryan administration; Ashoka and his policy of Dhamma; the decline of the Mauryan empire

5. The Disintegration of Empire c. 200 B.C.-A.D. 300

The political fragmentation of the sub-continent: the Shunga dynasty, King Kharavela of Kalinga, The Indo-Greek kings, The Shakas, The Kushanas, The Satavhana dynasty, South Indian Kingdoms; trade routes and communications

6. The Rise of the Mercantile Community c. 200 B.C.-A.D.300

Guilds; Roman trade with south India; interaction of Indian and Hellenic ideas in northern India; India's contacts with China and south-east Asia; changes in society; education and literature; Buddhist art and architecture; Mahayana Buddhism; developments in Hinduism; the coming of Christianity

7. The Evolution of the "Classical" Pattern c. A.D. 300-700

The rule of the Guptas; Hun invasions; some post-Gupta dynasties; the reign of Harsha; changing agrarian relations; trade; the pattern of living; education and learning; Hindu art and architecture; development in Buddhism; changes in Hinduism; philosophical schools; Indian contacts with China and south-east Asia

8. Conflict in the Southern Kingdoms c. A.D. 500-900

The Chalukya, Pallava, and Pandya conflicts; political organization and administration; the Agrarian system; the status of the brahman; the philosophy of Shankara; the growth of Tamil literature; the Tamil devotional cult; mural painting in the Deccan; temple architecture

9. The South in the Ascendant c. A.D. 900-1300

The rise of the Cholas; Chola administration; the village in the Chola economy; trade; the role of the temple in Chola society; the development of the languages of the peninsula; popular cults and sects; the philosophy of Ramanuja and Madhva; architecture and sculpture

10. The Beginnings of Regional States in Northern India c. A.D. 700-1200

Political struggle between the Rashtrakutas, Pratiharas, and Palas; the arrival of the Arabs in Sind; rise of new kingdoms; growth of Raiput power; campaigns of Mahmud of Ghazni; the Afghan army; Muhammad Ghuri

11. Feudalism in the Regional States c. A.D. 800-1200

Beginnings of regional loyalty; emerging pattern of agrarian relations; social structure; literature in Sanskrit and in the newly developing languages; temples and sculpture; changes in Hinduism, the devotional cult, and the Tantric sects; decline of Buddhism; the arrival of the Sufis

12. The Re-alignment of Regional Kingdoms c. A.D. 1200-1526

Source material on the Delhi Sultanate; the Slave dynasty and the Khalji dynasty; political organization; the Tughluq dynasty; relations between the rulers and the ruled; the Sayyid and Lodi dynasties; the kingdoms of Gujarat, Mewar, Marwar, and Bengal

13. Assimilation on Trial c. A.D. 1200-1526

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