This work provides an up-to-date description of road maintenance management. Written primarily from a management perspective, it provides insights into the relationship between the various functions involved in managing a modern road network. It has been developed based on the experience of project work in this field carried out in a number of countries. The text provides a framework for considering aspects of management, such as policy formulation, network considerations, staff responsibilities, level of data detail, cost estimating methods, and others, that relate to four basic management functions: planning, programming, preparation, and operations. This text is for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students of highway or pavement engineering worldwide. The book should also be of interest to: all universities with civil engineering courses; professional engineers involved in highway design and maintenance; and support institutions: World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Bank;and also bilateral aid donors, such as DFID (UK), SIDA, DANIDA, NORAD, FINNIDA, GTZ, and JICA.