RENNER Studies on New Religions is an initiative supported by the Danish Research Council for the Humanities. The series was established to publish books on alternative spiritual movements from a wide range of perspectives. The books will appeal to an international readership of scholars, students, and professionals in the study of religion, theology, the arts, and the social sciences. It is hoped that this series will provide a proper context for scientific exchange between these often competing disciplines. Stimulated by travel, mass media and education, individuals have spent the twentieth century questioning organized religion, and at the start of a new millennium, many are turning to spirituality rooted in ancient practice, but modernized by secular experience. In this volume, an international group of authors surveys the religious and spiritual movements growing in popularity in Western Europe including (to name a few) theosophy, Transcendental Meditation, the Rosicrucians, the Occult, and Hare Krishna.