Anthems of Defeat is a case study of the crackdown on the 1989 pro-democracy movement and its aftermath in Hunan Province, based on information compiled by a large underground network of sources. In Hunan Province, based on information compiled by a large underground network of sources in Hunan. The primary author Tang Boqlao, is a leader of the Hunan student movement who was detained in more than 10 different places over an 18-month period before escaping from China in July 1991. The report includes detailed information on more than 200 political detainees, most of them previously unknown, and vivid accounts of the torture and abuse to which they were subjected. It also includes information on more than 140 detention centres, jails, labour camps and prisons in the province, as well as court documents from dissident trials, and maps. Anthems of Defeat represents the most effective human rights monitoring effort ever undertaken by a group of Chinese nationals working inside their own country.