Great English Novelists
by Holbrook Jackson
ISBN 0836905636 (0-8369-0563-6)
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Hardcover, Ayer Co Pub, 1967
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Book summary: This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1908. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... SAMUEL RICHARDSON r I ""HE novel has always been essentially a domestic form of literature. It sprang not out of the strife of life, but out of its peace. And above all, and in spite of the fact that it has been from time to time condemned by seriously minde^d people, it has been the chief means of bringing a literary interpretation of manners and customs to the knowledge of the average person; in fact, the novel along with the newspaper and magazine has become the most democratic of all modes of expression. It was the outcome of tendencies in social life which had little to do with, and in many cases were the direct opposites of, accepted scholastic traditions. The two earliest pioneers of the novel were, as Swift dubbed Defoe, illiterate fellows. They were men who had practically educated themselves and expressed themselves in their own way. Defoe, as we have seen in the foregoing essay, derived his art from popular^journalism, but he never arrived at a full conception of the actual form the typical novel would take. His was a masculine genius and his leanings were all towards what was vigorous and active and strange. His narratives, in spite of their biographical and intimate studies of persons, were in the main romantic tales. The first piece of fiction on the lines of the typical novel did not appear for nearly ten years after his death. Its name was Pamela, and it was written by a London printer named Samuel Richardson, who thus became the father of the modern analytical novel. And it must be noted that just as Defoe's narratives were derived from journalism, so the novels of Richardson, if not so obviously derived from the same source, were in a very real way an adaptation in the form of consecutive narrative of the epistolary essays of the Spect...
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