Frederick Merrick White was an English author who was born in 1859. He wrote a number of novels and short stories under the name Fred M. White, including the six Doom of London science-fiction stories, in which various catastrophes beset London. These include: The Four Days' Night (1903), in which London is beset by a massive killer smog; The Dust of Death (1903), in which diphtheria infects the city, spreading from refuse tips and sewers; and The Four White Days (1903), in which a sudden and deep winter paralyses the city under snow and ice. These six stories all first appeared in Pearson's Magazine, and were illustrated by Warwick Goble. He also wrote The Robe of Lucifer (1896), Tregarthen's Wife (1901), The Cardinal Moth (1905), The Crimson Blind (1905), The Corner House (1906), The Mystery of the Four Fingers (1908), The Edge of The Sword (1908), The Five Knots (1908), The Law of the Land (1908), The Garden O' Dreams (1909), A Bubble Burst, The Invisible Force, The River of Death and The Mazaroff Rifle.