1882. The story of Cromwell Oliver Cromwell who rose from the middle ranks of English society to be Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, the only non-royal ever to hold that position. He played a leading role in bringing Charles I to trial and to execution; he undertook the most complete and the most brutal military conquest ever undertaken by the English over their neighbors; he championed a degree of religious freedom otherwise unknown in England before the last one hundred years; but the experiment he led collapsed within two years of his death, and his corpse dangled from a gibbet at Tyburn. He was, and remains, one of the most contentious figures in world history. Contents: Early Years; Government by Prerogative; The Long Parliament; The Ironsides; The Association; Marston Moor; The Independents; Presbyterians and Independents; The Agitators; The Army and the King; The Second Civil War; Pride's Purge; The King's Death; The Rump; Ireland; Scotland; The Scotch Campaign; After Dunbar; Worcester; The Expulsion of the Long Parliament; Cromwell Protector; The First Protectoral Parliament; The Major-Generals; Foreign Policy; Second Protectorate Parliament; Kingship; The New Protectorate; The Other House; and Last Illness and Death.