This easy to read pocketbook, written by world leaders in the field of evidence-based pain treatments, acts as a simple guide for people who wish to make sense of evidence in a healthcare setting and who want to avoid being misled by faulty evidence. It provides practical guidelines on how to make sense of and interpret the evidence that is available, with information on how to avoid straying beyond evidence into conjecture, supposition, and wishful thinking. It covers size, trial design, harm as well as benefit, and health economics and management evidence. 'Bandolier's Little Book of Making Sense of the Medical Evidence' has not been written as a comprehensive manual for those who want to do a systematic review or a meta-analysis, nor as a statistical or methodological textbook for students. Its origins lie in lectures for medical students, healthcare professionals from a variety of settings, and journalists. This book is a summary of the tools that Bandolier uses to assess evidence, to be able to distinguish good evidence from bad. It will be an invaluable resource for university course and GP tutors, family doctors, hospital consultants involved in research, pharmacists, and anyone interested in evidence-based health care.